Archive for the ‘Programming / tutorials’ Category

Installing linux on windows with VMPlayer from VMware

November 7th, 2014 No comments

If you are a programmer and have not yet utilized the power of VMWare, you have missed on something.

Below are step by step by step instructions to get linux (ubuntu flavour) up and running on your machine

1. Down load the VM Player for windows

2. Download the ubuntu image


Download ubuntu iso image


ubuntu on VMware

Once you upload the image, it will start configuring  your Virtual machine with Ubuntu

Short cuts : ctr + alt +D : minimize all windows

ctrl + T : open terminal window

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JVM Magic – What happens behind the scenes

November 7th, 2014 No comments

Found this excellent presentation on slide share. Thought would share with our readers


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New to Git : Adding your code to Git for first time

June 10th, 2014 No comments

If you are new to Git and are looking for very basic stuff to check in yoru code, I found this answer at very helpful

cd "/your/repo/dir"
git clone # (creates /your/repo/dir/repoName)
cp "/all/your/existing/code/*" "/your/repo/dir/repoName/"
git add -A
git commit -m "initial commit"
git push origin master

When I was not cloning , I faced some challenges

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Nosql with Mongo Db Tutorial

June 9th, 2014 No comments

In the last post we had given a short introduction to nosql

In this post , we will give a small working example with java with mongo db which is a type of nosql database.

Why Mongo DB

  • —It is type of Document database
  • —Written in C++
  • —Development started in 2007
  • —Commercial supported and developed by 10Gen
  • —Supports multiple types of indexing
  • —In built Sharding

What is Sharding ? Sharding is the process of storing data records across multiple machines



Sharding is MongoDB’s approach to meeting the demands of data growth. As the size of the data increases, a single machine may not be sufficient to store the data nor provide an acceptable read and write throughput. Sharding solves the problem with horizontal scaling. With sharding, you add more machines to support data growth and the demands of read and write operations.

Development Set Up Mongo

  1. Download and Install Mongo db.
  2. Install it on windows or linux.
  3. After installation create a path where you will store data. Don’t forget it is a database so it needs a location where the data can be stored. I created the path in C:\temp2\data\db
  4. Once you have installed go to bin directory and execute this command mongod –dbpath C:\temp2\data\db
  5. For linux users the account that is running mongodb should have write permissions to data/db directory. Run this command sudo chown `id -u` /data/db

Code Example

package demo;

import java.util.Set;

import com.mongodb.BasicDBObject;
import com.mongodb.DB;
import com.mongodb.DBCollection;
import com.mongodb.DBCursor;
import com.mongodb.Mongo;

 * @author Vinay
public class HelloMongoDB {

	 * @param args
	public static void main(String[] args) {

		HelloMongoDB helloMongo = new HelloMongoDB();

	 * An example of find data in mongo db
	private void findData(){

		BasicDBObject basic = new BasicDBObject("name" , "USA")
		.append("type", "country");

		try {
			Mongo mongo = new Mongo("", 27017);
			DB db = mongo.getDB("hellomongo");
			DBCursor cursor = db.getCollection("hellomongo").

			while (cursor.hasNext()) {
		} catch (UnknownHostException e) {


	 * An example of update data in mongo db
	private void updateData(){

		BasicDBObject basic = new BasicDBObject("name" , "USA")
		.append("type", "country")
		.append("count", 3)
					new BasicDBObject("1" , "MA 3")
						.append("2", "TX 3")
						.append("3", "CA 3"));

		try {
			Mongo mongo = new Mongo("", 27017);
			DB db = mongo.getDB("hellomongo");

			BasicDBObject newObject = new BasicDBObject("name" , "USA")
			.append("type", "country")
			.append("count", 3)
						new BasicDBObject("1" , "MA 1999")
							.append("2", "TX 1999")
							.append("3", "CA 1999"));
			db.getCollection("hellomongo").update(basic, newObject);

			BasicDBObject newObject2 = new BasicDBObject("name" , "USA")
			.append("type", "country")
			.append("count", 3)	;

			DBCursor cursor2 = db.getCollection("hellomongo").
				while (cursor2.hasNext()) {
		} catch (UnknownHostException e) {

	 * An example of inserting data in mongo db
	private void insertData(){
		try {
			//Connect to Mongo DB
			Mongo mongo = new Mongo("", 27017);
			// by default 3 databases are created local, admin, todo
			System.out.println(" Connected "+mongo.getDatabaseNames().toString());
			//Created a new database 
			DB db = mongo.getDB("hellomongo");
			Set<String> collections = db.getCollectionNames();
			for(String s : collections){
				System.out.println("Collection: " +s);
			DBCollection items = db.getCollection("hellomongo");

			long timeInsertStart = System.currentTimeMillis();
			for(int i= 0; i<100 ; i++){
			long timeInsertEnd = System.currentTimeMillis();
			System.out.println(" Time to Insert --> "+(timeInsertEnd-timeInsertStart));
/*			DBObject myDoc = items.findOne();

			long timeFetchStart = System.currentTimeMillis();
			DBCursor cursor = items.find();
			long timeFetchEnd = System.currentTimeMillis();
			System.out.println(" Time to fetch --> "+(timeFetchEnd-timeFetchStart));
			while (cursor.hasNext()) {
		} catch (Exception e) {

	private static BasicDBObject createObjectsToInsert(int count){
		BasicDBObject basic = new BasicDBObject("name" , "USA")
									.append("type", "country")
									.append("count", count)
												new BasicDBObject("1" , "MA "+count)
													.append("2", "TX "+count)
													.append("3", "CA "+count));
		return basic;


<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi=""




    <!-- Mongo Db driver -->

Get the working project from github

Full Documentation

Helpul Links

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Introduction to NoSQL

June 9th, 2014 No comments


What is No SQL

No Sql are called as Next Generation database


  • —Non-relational
  • —Distributed
  • —Open-source
  • —Horizontally scalable
  • —No Predefined Schema

Horizontally scalable : Adding more machines to your resource. Vertical scaling is by adding more power.

NoSQL Database Types

There are 4 types of No Sql database

  • Document databases pair each key with a complex data structure known as a document. Documents can contain many different key-value pairs, or key-array pairs, or even nested documents. Couch DB, Mongo DB
  • Graph stores are used to store information about networks, such as social connections. Graph stores include Neo4J and HyperGraphDB.
  • Key-value stores are the simplest NoSQL databases. Every single item in the database is stored as an attribute name (or “key”), together with its value. Examples of key-value stores are Riak and Voldemort. Some key-value stores, such as Redis, allow each value to have a type, such as “integer”, which adds functionality.
  • Wide-column stores such as Cassandra and HBase are optimized for queries over large datasets, and store columns of data together, instead of rows. Hadoop/ Hbase, Cassnadra, Level DB (from Google), BigTable

Why No SQL ?

  1. Large columns of structured, semi structured data and unstructured data
  2. Efficient scale out architecture
  3. Helps in agile development

Example of data in mysql


“_id” : { “$oid” : “536ce8d1c25cf6e89fa7deeb”} ,

“name” : “USA” ,

“type” : “country” ,

“count” : “1” ,

“states” : { “1” : “MA” , “2” : “TX” , “3” : “CA”}



Some major differences between two

SQL Databases No SQL Database
Example Oracle , mysql Mondo DB, CouchDB, Neo4J
Storage Model Rows and tables Key-value. Data stored as single  document in JSON, XML
Schemas Static Dynamic
Scaling Vertical & Horizontal Horizontal
Transactions Yes Certain levels
Data Manipulation Select, Insert , Update Through Object Oriented API’s

Slide presentation at slideshare

Helpful Links

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How to add google analytics tracking code to website ?

April 30th, 2014 No comments

So your new shiny website is ready and you have opened it to public. You can measure page views, uniques but not sure what users are doing on their site. You have a search button but not sure how are the users using it.

Do you know you can track the events on your website using google analytics code ?

Please ensure that you are using google Universal analytics which is out of beta as of April 2014. If you are using google universal analytics and using old code, the tracking will not work.

Make sure that you have upgraded to Universal Analytics , if you are not suing Universal Analytics

How do you know if you are already on the google universal analytics ?

A Classic Google Analytics account has an option in this column called Tracking Code. A Universal Analytics account has an option called Tracking Info that includes more Admin settings like Session Settings and Organic Search Sources. These additional settings are only available to Universal Analytics properties. If you have these settings, you have a Universal Analytics property.

This is the code you will be seeing in new google Universal analytics

		  (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o),

		  ga('create', 'UA-42999935-1', '');
		  ga('send', 'pageview');

Here is the the code. This is without using jquery. This code has example for a click of button and a link cool

   <script type="text/javascript">
		  (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o),
		  ga('create', 'UA-4244435-1', '');
		  ga('send', 'pageview');

	<script type='text/javascript'>
		function trackSubmit() { 
		ga('send', 'event', 'button', 'click', 'searchsubmit', 4);
		function trackClick() { 
			ga('send', 'event', 'button', 'click', 'This is coool');
	Pushing data.......

		<form onsubmit='trackSubmit()' id='frm'>
		    <button type='submit' id= 'searchsubmit'>Search</button>
		    <a href='' onclick="trackClick(); return false;">cool</a>

How do you debug your google analytics code ?

Now you have written this google analytics code and would like to debug it or see the action.
I have used google analytics debugger for chrome to debug the output.

This is how the output would be in the console


When you click on link cool, you would see this on console

Executing Google Analytics commands. analytics_debug.js:9
Running command: ga(send, event, button, click, This is coool)

When you click on the submit button , you will not see any output on console.
Do you know the reason why ?

Because the event gets fired , gets printed on console but then page gets submitted and everything gets overridden.

Add this alert after line 16 on code

  alert('testing send event')

Once you run the page, you can see the event being fired. Look at the red arrow in image.

If you do not want form submit , use this on your submit button

 <button type='submit' id= 'searchsubmit2' 
onClick="ga('send', 'event', 'button', 'click', 'searchsubmit', 4);">Search2 </button>

Using google universal analytics code with jquery. Use the method below

 		var _this = this;
			ga('send', 'event', 'button', 'submit', {
			    'hitCallback': function() {

Hope this helps.

Google Universal Analytics Reference

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How to create a java project with Maven in Eclipse

April 28th, 2014 No comments

There are two way to get started with java project in Maven

1. Use command line tool

2. Use Eclipse or STS.

In this port we will demonstrate how to create a maven project in Eclipse or STS (Spring source tool Suite)


Using Eclipse/ STS to create Java Maven Project

  • Click on File –>New Project .
  • Select the Maven project.
  • In next step, give the name and then go to next step of selecting the archetype. This is important. If you skip the archetype selection, you will no longer be able to run java code.

Arhchetype are maven project templating toolkit. Fastest and easiest way to get started. For more on Archetype refer to maven Arhchetype


  • Select maven-archetype-quickstart. Eclipse will try to download if not already present.
  • Fill in the details and click finish
  • You would be able to see  the project in your Eclipse.
  • To verify , this is how the Java Build path should look like in Eclipse
  • Maven java project
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How to find which version of windows you are running ?

April 24th, 2014 No comments

A quick command line shortcut to figure out which version of windows you are running

wmic os get osarchitecture

The output will be something like

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