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How to enable Load Time Weaving of Aspects in Spring

February 9th, 2015 Leave a comment Go to comments

We will talk about weaving in general and how to enable weaving in your spring application. You would have heard of weaving mostly with AOP programming and normally with Spring, but before we dive into Spring AOP, let us understand weaving.

What is weaving in programming ?

Weaving in general is a programmatic transformation which essentially means processing of a code to produce a desired output.

In Spring AOP makes it possible to modularize and separate logging, transaction like services and apply them declaratively to the components Hence programmer can focus on specific concerns. Aspects are wired into objects in the spring XML file in the way as JavaBean. This is also known as ‘Weaving’.

There are three types of weaving

  • Compile time
  • Post compile time
  • Run time

We can have source level weaving as in C++ using pre processors. In Java we can have byte code in which you add code at run time around your existing code.

The AspectJ weaver takes class files as input and produces class files as output. The weaving process itself can take place at one of three different times: compile-time, post-compile time, and load-time. The class files produced by the weaving process (and hence the run-time behaviour of an application) are the same regardless of the approach chosen.

  • Compile-time weaving is the simplest approach. When you have the source code for an application, ajc will compile from source and produce woven class files as output. The invocation of the weaver is integral to the ajc compilation process. The aspects themselves may be in source or binary form. If the aspects are required for the affected classes to compile, then you must weave at compile-time. Aspects are required, e.g., when they add members to a class and other classes being compiled reference the added members.
  • Post-compile weaving (also sometimes called binary weaving) is used to weave existing class files and JAR files. As with compile-time weaving, the aspects used for weaving may be in source or binary form, and may themselves be woven by aspects.
  • Load-time weaving (LTW) is simply binary weaving defered until the point that a class loader loads a class file and defines the class to the JVM. To support this, one or more “weaving class loaders”, either provided explicitly by the run-time environment or enabled through a “weaving agent” are required.

You may also hear the term “run-time weaving”. We define this as the weaving of classes that have already been defined to the JVM (without reloading those classes). AspectJ 5 does not provide explicit support for run-time weaving although simple coding patterns can support dynamically enabling and disabling advice in aspects.

We are going to show compile time weaving in the application. A preprocessor and aspect weaver are used to transform the original non-aspect code into a woven code. Thus, the original code is altered only once at compile-time.

Why did we use compile time weaving ? Because it leads to quicker startup time in your application. Drawback is that anytime the aspect gets modified, all code segments which are weaved by this aspect, must get recompiled.

Steps to enable Load Time Weaving of Aspects in your application

Step 1:

Add the following to your application context to inform Spring to activate the AOP injection.


Step 2:
Add the @Configurable annotation to your entity. Use @Autowired annotation to inject dependencies

public class MyClass{
Private transient MyRepository


Step 3:
To tell Spring/AspectJ which domain objects are going to be “woven”. Create a new directory “META-INF” in a directory which is included on the classpath. Add inside this directory a new file called “aop.xml”.

NOTE: Use the most restrictive packages possible. The smaller the code base inspected and instrumented, the faster startup time will be and the less runtime overhead

Add the following to that file:

"-//AspectJ//DTD//EN" "http://www.eclipse.org/aspectj/dtd/aspectj.dtd">
<weaver options="-Xreweavable -showWeaveInfo  -XmessageHandlerClass:org.springframework.aop.aspectj.AspectJWeaverMessageHandler">
<exclude within="*..*CGLIB*" />
<exclude within="*..*javassist*" />
<include within="com..*.mypackage..*"/>
<aspect name="org.springframework.beans.factory.aspectj.AbstractInterfaceDrivenDependencyInjectionAspect"/>

This adds the @Configurable support to those beans included in any sub package of the “com…*.mypackage” package and excludes files from CGLIB or javaassist packages and resolves weird errors related to cglib proxy class or javaassist. Step 4: Finally, you must tell the JVM to use the AspectJ “Java Agent”. This is needed for AspectJ to intercept method calls.This can be enabled when starting the JVM using the following argument:


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